Philosophy

In the Spring 2013 Institute Letter, Uta Nitschke-Joseph wrote “A Fortuitous Discovery: An Early Manuscript by Erwin Panofsky Reappears in Munich,” in which she reconstructed the convoluted fate of the lost, and in 2012 re-found,...

What is consciousness? “It is being awake,” “being responsive,” “acting,” “being aware,” “being self-aware,” “paying attention,” “perceiving,” “feeling emotions,” “feeling feelings,” “having thoughts,” “thinking about thoughts,” “it is...

If the eighteenth century is to be seen as the “Age of Reason,” then one of the crucial stories to be told is of the trajectory of philosophy from one of the most ardent proponents of the powers of human reason, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–...

In his Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, the Dutch philosopher Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677) explained the fundamental principles of the state he had defined:

“But its ultimate purpose is not to dominate or control people by...

A Philosopher's Story (Penn State University Press, 1999) by Morton White, Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies, is a memoir that captures White's interactions with other leading thinkers and experiences at major...

One of the main philosophical puzzles is the question of free will: what is it? do we have it? how do we know we have it? The Question of Free Will: A Holistic View...

Science and Sentiment in America: Philosophical Thought from Jonathan Edwards to John Dewey (Oxford University Press, 1972), by Morton White, Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies, is a study of American philosophy from...

Foundations of Historical Knowledge (Harper & Row, 1965) by Morton White, Professor Emeritus in the School of ...

The Intellectual Versus the City: From Thomas Jefferson to Frank Lloyd Wright (Harvard University Press, 1962), by Morton White, Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies, and Lucia Perry White, is an examination of anti-...

Social Thought in America: The Revolt Against Formalism (Viking, 1949), by Morton White, Professor Emeritus in the School of Historical Studies, is a classic text of American intellectual history, which assesses the work of John Dewey,...