“Einstein, in that time, was becoming more than a public scientist,” Canales said. “He became oracular, and he didn’t shy away” from it. “He created this new role [now inhabited] by people like Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan.”
Einstein’s actions did not by themselves cause McCarthy’s downfall. But they certainly facilitated it, by reaffirming essential principles that date back to the Enlightenment, and by empowering many others to keep up the continuing fight to protect democracy.
“Machine-learning techniques are finding new applications almost daily and are already transforming society in numerous ways,” said Avi Wigderson, Herbert H. Maass Professor. “But because of the self-teaching aspect they have, their immense size, and the way they evolve, the final algorithms are not well understood by their own designers.”