After twenty-five years of coups d’etat, Soviet occupation, and civil wars, Afghanistan was largely a failed state in the last quarter of 2001, according to Director's Visitor Lakhdar Brahimi, who presided over the UN Bonn Conference on Afghanistan in December 2001 and produced the peace agreement known as the Bonn Process. The Bonn Process led to Afghanistan’s adoption of a constitution, the holding of presidential and parliamentary elections, and various social and economic improvements.
Just before Thanksgiving last year, I sent an email to the
Institute’s Director, Robbert Dijkgraaf, whom I had never met.
Acknowledging that my missive was somewhat “out of the blue,” I
explained that I had spent most of the previous eight years...
Each year, billions of dollars in foreign aid are directed to
the developing world. Assistance comes in a variety of forms, but
one particular method of delivery—community-driven development
(CDD)—which came about as a response to large-scale top...
Several years ago, I was increasingly disturbed by the direction
taken by American foreign and domestic policy. It seemed to me that
many key actions were inspired by mistaken notions about the way
the Cold War ended and the causes and implications...
Jihadism today has a strong transnational and anti-Western
character, but this was not always the case. The first jihadists
were revolutionaries who fought in their home countries against
their respective governments from the 1940s onward. Only in...
Lakhdar Brahimi, former Special Advisor to the Secretary-General
of the United Nations, has spent the last year as a Director’s
Visitor at the Institute for Advanced Study, participating in the
School of Social Science’s program on “The ‘Third World...