New Books by Faculty and Members
Yemeni Manuscript Cultures in Peril, edited by Hassan Ansari & Sabine Schmidtke. The most significant and by far largest collections of Zaydi manuscripts are housed by the many public and private libraries of Yemen, an endangered cultural heritage tradition, currently at risk due to the conflict and warfare in Yemen. The contributions brought together in this volume address a wide spectrum of aspects concerning Yemeni manuscript cultures, with some focusing on their history and present state within Yemen and others discussing the collections of manuscripts of Yemeni provenance in Europe and elsewhere. Additional information.
Scribal Habits in Near Eastern Manuscript Traditions, edited by George Anton Kiraz and Sabine Schmidtke. This volume brings together contributions by scholars focusing on peritextual elements as found in Middle Eastern manuscripts: dots and various other symbols that mark vowels, intonation, readings aids, and other textual markers; marginal notes and sigla that provide additional explanatory content akin to but substantially different from our modern notes and endnotes; images and illustrations that present additional material not found in the main text. These elements add additional layers to the main body of the text and are crucial for our understanding of the text’s transmission history as well as scribal habits. Additional information.
Jewish-Muslim Intellectual History Entangled: Textual Materials from the Firkovitch Collection, Saint Petersburg. Camilla Adang, Bruno Chiesa, Omar Hamdan, Wilferd Madelung, Sabine Schmidtke and Jan Thiele (eds). This book unearths forgotten texts that once belonged to the library of the Karaite community in Cairo. Consigned to oblivion for centuries, many of these manuscripts were sold in the second half of the nineteenth century to the National Library of Russia in St Petersburg, where they remained inaccessible to most scholars until the end of the Cold War. Additional information.
The Syriac Orthodox in North America (1895-1995): A short History, by George Anton Kiraz. A short history of the Syriac Orthodox community in North America between 1895, the year of the First Sayfo that triggered the first wave of immigration to North America, and 1995, marking the passing away of Metropolitan Mor Athanasius Yeshue Samuel, the first and only Archbishop of the Syriac Orthodox Archdiocese of the United States and Canada. Additional information.
Jews and Syriac Christians: Intersections across the First Millennium, edited by Aaron Michael Butts and Simcha Gross. Scholarly interest in intersections between Jews and Syriac Christians has experienced a boom in recent years. This is the result of a series of converging trends in the study of both groups and their cultural productions. The present volume contributes to this developing conversation by collecting sixteen studies that investigate a wide range of topics, from questions of origins to the development of communal boundaries, from social interactions to shared historical conditions, involving Jews and Syriac Christians over the first millennium CE. Additional information.
Syriac-English New Testament, general editor George Anton Kiraz; translated by Jeff W. Childers, J. Edward Walters, Daniel King, Robert A. Kitchen, Jerome Alan Lund and James Prather. After the success of the Antioch Bible, this publication is a new, historic edition of the Syriac-English New Testament in a single volume. The English translations of the New Testament Syriac Peshitta along with the Syriac text were carried out by an international team of scholars. Additional information.
The Patristic ‘Masora’. A Study of Patristic Reading Traditions in the Near East by Jonathan Loopstra. This volume is the first-ever study and transcription of over ten thousand excerpted ‘vocalized words and readings’ (šmohē w-qroyoto) from works attributed to Greek writers such as Ps.-Dionysius, Basil, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Severus of Antioch. This material has the potential to inform not only Syriac studies and Patristics, but the broader study of literacy and modes of learning in the Medieval Middle East. Additional information.
Clavis to the Metrical Homilies of Narsai, by Aaron M. Butts, Kristian S. Heal, and Sebastian P. Brock. Narsai (d. ca. 500), who is variously called “the tongue of the East” and “the harp of the Spirit,” is the most foundational East Syriac theologian and exegete and among the most important and influential Syriac authors more broadly. Just over eighty metrical homilies (mēmrē)attributed to Narsai survive. The present volume serves as a clavis to Narsai’s homilies. The volume also contains a curated bibliography that provides a sense of the history of scholarship on Narsai. Additional information.
Syriac Christian Culture: Beginnings to Renaissance, edited by Aaron Michael Butts and Robin Darling Young. Syriac Christianity developed in the first centuries CE in the Middle East, where it continued to flourish throughout Late Antiquity and the Medieval period, while also spreading widely, as far as India and China. Today, Syriac Christians are found in the Middle East, in India, as well in diasporas scattered across the globe. Over this extended time period and across this vast geographic expanse, Syriac Christians have built impressive churches and monasteries, crafted fine pieces of art, and written and transmitted a sizable body of literature. The present volume brings together fourteen studies that offer fresh perspectives on Syriac Christianity, especially its literary texts and authors. Reflecting a growing trend in the field, the volume also devotes significant attention to the Medieval period, during which Syriac Christians lived under Islamic rule. The studies in the volume are united in their quest to explore the richness, diversity, and vibrance of Syriac Christianity. Additional information.
Narsai: Rethinking his Work and his World, edited by Aaron M. Butts, Kristian S. Heal and Robert A. Kitchen. Narsai († ca. 500) was a founding theologian of the Church of the East. Active first at the School of the Persians in Edessa and later at the School of Nisibis, Narsai creatively synthesized his native Syriac tradition with the newly translated works of Antiochene theology and exegesis. In a time of theological upheaval, his works helped forge a new theological tradition in Syriac. This groundbreaking collection of original essays refocuses attention on this fascinating Late Antique thinker and illustrates his importance for understanding Christianity in Late Antiquity. The essays highlight Narsai’s contributions to exegesis, asceticism and moral formation, Jewish-Christian relations, liturgical theology, and place his work and thought within the cultural and intellectual world of two leading Christian centers in the Roman-Persian frontiers in the fifth century. Additional information.
Reframing the Alhambra: Architecture, Poetry, Textiles and Court Ceremonial, by Olga Bush (hardcover, Edinburgh University Press, 2018). UPCOMING paperback, Edinburgh University Press, October 2020. An interdisciplinary study of one of the most important monuments in Islamic art. Finalist for the 2019 Charles Rufus Morey Book Award. Honorable mention for the 2019Eleanor Tufts Book Award, American Society for Hispanic Art Historical Studies. Additional information.
A Companion to Medieval Ethiopia and Eritrea, Samantha Kelly, editor. Introduces readers to current research on major topics in the history and cultures of the Ethiopian-Eritrean region from the seventh century to the mid-sixteenth, with insights into foundational late-antique developments where appropriate. Additional information.
The Discourses: Reflections on History, Sufism, Theology, and Literature-Volumen One. By Abu 'Ali al-Hasan al-Yusi and edited and translated by Justin Stearns. Wide-ranging essays on Moroccan history, Sufism, and religious life. Translated into English for the first time, The Discourses offers readers access to the intellectual landscape of the early modern Muslim world through an author who speaks openly and frankly about his personal life and his relationships with his country’s rulers, scholars, and commoners. Additional information.
Paperback edition of The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy. Explores the uninterrupted history of Islamic philosophy down to the modern period. Edited by Khaled El-Rouayheb, Harvard University, and Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study. Additional information.
The Zaydi Reception of Bahshamite Muʿtazilism. Fascimile Edition of MS Shiraz, Library of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Shiraz (ʿAllāma Ṭabāṭabāʾī Library), majmūʿa 102. Prepared for publication and Introduced by Hassan Ansari and Sabine Schmidtke, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2019. Among the few Muʿtazilite Zaydi works preserved in the libraries of Iran is a miscellany held by the library of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Shiraz (ʿAllāma Ṭabāṭabāʾī Library). The maǧmūʿa, a facsimile of which is included in the present publication, was written between 673/1274-75 and 676/1277 and contains doctrinal works by Imāmi and Zaydi theologians from both Iran and from Yemen. Additional Information.
Muslim Perceptions and Receptions of the Bible: Texts and Studies, Camilla Adang and Sabine Schmidtke, Atlanta, GA, Lockwood Press. The articles brought together in this volume deal with Muslim perceptions and uses of the Bible in its wider sense, including the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament as well as the New Testament, albeit with an emphasis on the former scripture. Additional information.
Traditional Yemeni Scholarship amidst Political Turmoil and War: Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl b. al-Muṭahhar al-Manṣūr (1915-2016) and His Personal Library, Sabine Schmidtke, Cordoba: UCOPress, 2018 (Series Arabo-Islamica; 1). The volume evolved as a side product of the "Zaydi Manuscript Tradition" (ZMT) project, a collaborative undertaking by the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), Princeton, in partnership with the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML) at Saint John’s University, Collegeville, Minnesota, which aims at bringing together the widely dispersed Zaydī manuscript culture in its entirety in a single repository. It focusses on Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-Manṣūr (1915-2016), one of the most prominent scholars, bureaucrats, and politicians of twentieth-century Yemen, and his private collection of manuscripts. Based on his ijāza ("licence to transmit"), his own writings, and other documentary materials, as well as his collection of manuscripts and the many handwritten comments and notes added by al-Manṣūr, the book discusses his biography and intellectual milieu and provides insights into the manuscript culture of twentieth-century Yemen. Taken together, the volume contributes to the study of twentieth-century Yemen's intellectual and social history, and it immediately relates to recent work of historical anthropologists specializing in Yemen. Additional Information.
Materials for the Intellectual History of Imāmī Shīʿism in the Safavid Period. A Facsimile Edition of Ms New York Public Library, Arabic Manuscripts Collections, Volume 51985A. Prepared for publication and introduced by Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2018). Additional information.
Paperback edition of The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology. Edited by Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Additional information.
Studying the Near and Middle East at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1935-2018. Edited by Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2018). Additional information.
Hassan Ansari, Barrassī-hā-yi tārīkhi-yi dīgar dar ḥawza-yi Islām wa tashayyuʿ, Isfahan: Intishārāt-i Dahgān, 1396/2017
Asʾilat Najm al-Dīn al-Kātibī ʿan al-Maʿālim li-Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī maʿa taʿālīq ʿIzz al-Dawla b. Kammūna [Critical Remarks by Najm al-Dīn al-Kātibī on the Kitāb al-Maʿālim by Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, together with the Commentaries by ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna], ed. Reza Pourjavady & Sabine Schmidtke, Beirut/Baghdad: Manshūrāt al-Jamal, 2016.
Miyān-e kalām wa falsafa wa chand pajūhesh-e dīgar darbāre-ye tārīkh wa adabiyyāt-e kalāmī-e muʿtazelīyān, Tehran, Nashr-e kitāb-e rāyzan, 2016. Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
L'imamat et l'Occultation selon l'imamisme. Étude bibliographique et historie des textes. Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Additional information
The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy (hardcover). Explores the uninterrupted history of Islamic philosophy down to the modern period. Edited by Khaled El-Rouayheb, Harvard University, and Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study. Additional information.
The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology. Provides a comprehensive and authoritative survey of the latest scholarship on the development of Islamic Theology. Edited by Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Additional information.
Al-Ṣāḥib Ibn ʿAbbād Promoter of Rational Theology. Two Muʿtazilī kalām texts from the Cairo Geniza. Wilferd Madelung, University of Oxford, and Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study. Additional information.
Special Issue: Histories of Books in the Islamicate World. Part II (Volume 5, Issue 1-2). Ed. Maribel Fierro, Sabine Schmidtke, Sarah Stroumsa = Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 5 (2017) [Leiden: Brill].
Al-Mutabaqqā min kutub mafqūda, vol. 1, Daftar-i tablīghāti islāmī, Shuʿba-yi ustān-i Isfahān, Isfahān, 1395/2016. Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
Tārīkh-e maktab-hā wa bāwar-hā dar irān wa islām [The History of Schools and Trends in Iran and Islam], vol. 1: The Formation and Development of the Imami Shi'i Tradition, Tehran, Našr-e māhī 2016. Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
Az ganjīna-hā-yi nusakh-i khattī: Muʿarrifī-yi dast-niwishta-hā yī nafīs az kitābkhāna-hā-yi buzurg-i jahān dar Ḥawza-yi ʿulūm-i islāmī, vol. 1, Daftar-i tablīghāti islāmī, Shuʿba-yi ustān-i Isfahān, Isfahān, 1394/2015. Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
Patricia Crone's Collected Studies in Three Volumes
The Qurʾānic Pagans and Related Matters. Volume 1; The Iranian Reception of Islam: The Non-Traditionalist Strands. Volume 2; Islam, the Ancient Near East and Varieties of Godlessness. Volume 3.
Talkhīṣ al-Muḥaṣṣal Khwājah Naṣīr al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. Ḥasan Ṭūsī. Introductory Essay by Hassan Ansari. Facsimile copy of the Manuscript No. 834 Fazil Ahmad Pasha Collection, Koprulu Library (Copied in 669 A.H.). Tehran 2015.
Majmūʿa-yi Āthār-i Imāmiyah (Extracts from the ʿUyūn Akhbār al-Riḍā, Ṣaddūq's Amālī, the Ṣaḥīfat al-Riḍā and other Shīʿite Texts). Introductory Essay by Hassan Ansari. Facsimile Edition of Manuscript No. 218 from the Collection of Codices that were Donated to the Majlis Library by Sayyid Muḥammad Ṣādiq Ṭabāṭabāʾī (copied in 580AH/1184AD). Tehran 2015.
Accusations of Unbelief in Islam. A Diachronic Perspective on Takfir. Edited by Camilla Adang, Tel Aviv University, Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, Maribel Fierro, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Additional information.
The Yemeni Manuscript Tradition. Edited by David Hollenberg, University of Oregon, Christoph Rauch, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, and Sabine Schmidtke, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. Additional information.
Faylusūf-i yahūdī-yi Baghdād: Ibn Kammūna wa āthār-i u. Reza Pourjavady and Sabine Schmidtke: Faylusūf-i yahūdī-yi Baghdād: Ibn Kammūna wa āthār-i u, trans. Jawad Qasemi, revised by Hamid Ataei Nazari, Isfahan: Daftar-i tablīghāt-i islāmi: Shuʿba-yi ustān-i Iṣfahān, 2016 (Majmūʿa-yi muṭālaʿāt-i īrānī-islāmī; 2). Being a Persian translation of A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad. ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (d. 683/1284) and His Writings, Leiden: Brill, 2006 (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science; 65).
Zaydī theology in 7th/13th century Yemen. Zaydī theology in 7th/13th century Yemen: Facsimile edition of Kitāb al-Maḥaǧǧa al-bayḍā fī uṣūl al-dīn of ʿAbd Allāh b. Zayd al-ʿAnsī (d. 667/1269) (MS Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. arab. 1286). Introduction and Indices by Hassan Ansari and Sabine Schmidtke. Tehran: Mīrāth-i maktūb, 2016 (Classical Muslim Heritage Series; 9).