Nicola Di Cosmo | List of Publications
136. “Violence in Inner Asian History.” In The Cambridge World History of Violence. Vol II 500-1500 CE. Ed. by Matthew S. Gordon, Richard W. Kaeuper, Harriet Zurndorfer, pp. 1-37.
135. "The ‘Birth’of the Silk Road Between Ecological Frontiers and Military Innovation." In J. Lerner and Y. Shi, Eds., Silk Roads: From Local Realities to Global Narratives (2020): 11-20.
134. Review of Nicolas Tackett. The Origins of the Chinese Nation: Song China and the Forging of an East Asian World Order. In The American Historical Review (2019): 636-637.
133. Di Cosmo, Nicola, et al. "Environmental stress and steppe nomads: Rethinking the history of the Uyghur Empire (744–840) with paleoclimate data." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 48.4 (2018): 439– 463.
132. Oppenheimer, C., Orchard, A., Stoffel, M., Newfield, T.P., Guillet, S., Corona, C., Sigl, M., Di Cosmo, N. and Büntgen, U., 2018. "The Eldgjá eruption: timing, long-range impacts and influence on the Christianisation of Iceland." Climatic change, 147(3-4), pp.369-381.
131. Büntgen, Ulf, and Nicola Di Cosmo. "Publisher Correction: Reply to ‘Climate of doubt: a re-evaluation of Büntgen and Di Cosmo’s environmental hypothesis for the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary, 1242 CE’." Scientific Reports 8.1 (2018): 1-1.
130. “The Relations between China and the Steppe from the Xiongnu to the Turk Empire.” In Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity (2018), pp. 35-53.
129. “Introduction”. Co-authored with Michael Maas. In Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity (2018), pp. 1-15.
128. Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity, Co-edited with Michael Maas. Forthcoming – Cambridge University Press, 2018.
127. “Maligned Exchanges: The Uyghur-Tang Trade in the Light of Climate Data.” In In Pursuit of the Myriad Things: A Collection in Honor of Victor Mair. Cambria Press (forthcoming 2018).
126. Di Cosmo, N., Amy Hessl, Caroline Leland, Oyunsanaa Byambasuren, Hanqin Tian, Baatarbileg Nachin, Neil Pederson, Laia Andreu, and Edward R. Cook, “Climate and Socio-Economic Complexity in the Expansion and Collapse of the Uyghur Empire (744-840 CE).” Forthcoming in Journal of Interdisciplinary History.
125. Shree R.S. Dangal, Hanqin Tian, Chaoqun Lu, Wei Ren, Shufen Panm Jua Yang, Nicola Di Cosmo, Amy Hessl. “Integrating Herbivore Population Dynamics into a Global Land Biosphere Model: Plugging animals into the earth system.” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. December 2017 doi: 10.1002/2016MS000904
124. Di Cosmo, N., Ulf Büntgen and Clive Oppenheimer. "Interplay of Environmental and Socio-political Factors in the Downfall of the Eastern Türk Empire in 630 CE." Climatic Change. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-2111-0
123. Büntgen, U. and Di Cosmo, N., "Reply to ‘Climate of doubt: a re-evaluation of Büntgen and Di Cosmo’s environmental hypothesis for the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary, 1242 CE’." Scientific Reports, 2017
122. Ulf Büntgen, Ólafur Eggertsson, Lukas Wacker, Michael Sigl, Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, Nicola Di Cosmo, Gill Plunkett10, Paul J. Krusic, Timothy P. Newfield, Jan Esper, Christine Lane, Frederick Reinig, and Clive Oppenheimer. “Multi-proxy dating of Iceland’s major pre-settlement Katla eruption to 822–823 CE.” Geology, 19 June 2017.
121. Oppenheimer, C., Wacker, L., Xu, J., Galván, J.D., Stoffel, M., Guillet, S., Corona, C., Sigl, M., Di Cosmo, N., Hajdas, I. and Pan, B., 2017. "Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’of Changbaishan to late 946 CE". Quaternary Science Reviews, 158:164-171.
120. "Nurhaci’s Gambit: The concept and praxis of sovereignty in the rise of Manchu power” in The Scaffolding of Sovereignty: Global and Aesthetic Perspectives on the History of a Concept. Edited by Zvi Ben-Dor Benite, Stefanos Geroulanos, and Nicole Jerr (New York 2017): 102-123.
119. 关于草原帝国历史分析的理论思考 (Theoretical Reflections on the Historical Analysis of Steppe Empires), in 断裂与转型:帝国之后的欧亚历史与史学 – Between Empires: Rupture, Transformation, and Transmission (Shanghai 2017): 1-25.
118. “The Extension of Ch’ing Rule over Mongolia, Sinkiang, and Tibet, 1630-1800” in The Cambridge History of China 9.2 Ed. William Pederson (Cambridge 2016): 111-145;
117. Büntgen, U. and Di Cosmo, N., 2016. "Climatic and environmental aspects of the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE". Scientific reports, 6:25606.
116. Büntgen, U., Myglan, V.S., Ljungqvist, F.C., McCormick, M., Di Cosmo, N., Sigl, M., Jungclaus, J., Wagner, S., Krusic, P.J., Esper, J. and Kaplan, J.O., 2016. "Cooling and societal change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age from 536 to around 660 AD". Nature Geoscience.
115. “China-Steppe relations in historical perspective”. In Complexity and Interaction along the Eurasian Steppe Zone in the First Millennium CE. Ed. Jan Bemmann, Michael Schmauder (Bonn 2015): 49-72.
114. “Why Qara Qorum? Climate and Geography in the Early Mongol Empire.” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 21 (2014-2015): 67-78.
113. "A Note on the Formation of the Silk Road as Long Distance Exchange Network” In ReSilkRoad. Ed. Mehmet Bulut (Istanbul 2014):17-26.
112. Pederson, N., Hessl, A.E., Baatarbileg, N., Anchukaitis, K.J. and Di Cosmo, N., 2014. "Pluvials, droughts, the Mongol Empire, and modern Mongolia". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(12):4375-4379.
111. “Connecting Maritime and Continental History: The Black Sea Region at the Time of the Mongol Empire” in The Sea: Thalassography and Historiography, ed. Peter Miller. (University of Michigan Press, 2013).: 174-97.
110. “Aristocratic Elites in the Xiongnu Empire as Seen from Historical and Archeological Evidence.” In Nomad Aristocrats in a World of Empires, Ed. Jürgen Paul (Wiesbaden 2013): 23-53.
109. “Le frontiere dell’impero Han.” In La Cina vol.1.2: Dall’Età del Bronzo all’impero Han. Eds. Tiziana Lippiello and Maurizio Scarpari (Torino, Einaudi), pp. 299-320.
108. “La frontiera settentrionale dalle origini all’unificazione imperiale.” In La Cina vol.1.2: Dall’Età del Bronzo all’impero Han. Eds. Tiziana Lippiello and Maurizio Scarpari (Torino, Einaudi), pp. 263-298.
107. “Connecting Maritime and Continental History: The Black Sea Region at the Time of the Mongol Empire.” In The Sea: Thalassography and Historiography, ed. Peter Miller. (Ann Arbor, 2013), pp. 174-97.
106. “Aristocratic Elites in the Xiongnu Empire as Seen from Historical and Archeological Evidence.” In Nomad Aristocrats in a World of Empires, Ed. By Jürgen Paul (Wiesbaden, 2013), pp. 23-53.
105. “Introduction” in Crossroads vol. 5: Ethnicity and Sinicization Reconsidered (April 2012), pp. 5-25.
104. “From Alliance to Tutelage: A Historical Analysis of Manchu-Mongol Relations before the Qing Conquest”. Frontiers of History in China (2012), pp. 175-197.
103. Review of: Virgil Ciociltan, The Mongols and the Black Sea Trade in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Century. In Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi 19 (2012), pp. 303-305.
102. Review of: David Robinson, Empire’s Twilight: Northeast Asia under the Mongols. Journal of Song-Yuan Studies 41, pp. 411-414.
101. “Ethnogenesis, Coevolution And Political Morphology of the Earliest Steppe Empire: The Xiongnu Question Revisited” in Xiongnu Archaeology: Multidisciplinary Perspectives of the First Steppe Empire in Inner Asia, ed. Ursula Brosseder and Bryuan K. Miller, (Bonn, 2011), pp. 35-48.
100. "Neiya shi shang de guojia xingxheng yu jieduanhua 内亚史上的国家形成与阶段划 (Transl. of " State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History") in Xifang Zhongguo shi yanjiu (Western Studies on Chinese History) ed. Leo K. Shin, Beijing 2011.
99. "Gudai Zhongguo yu qi qiang lin 古代中国与其强邻 (Transl. of Ancient China and Its Neighbors) Beijing: CAAS Press, 2010.
98. "Nurhaci's Names," in Representing Power in Ancient Inner Asia: Legitimacy, Transmission and the Sacred, ed. Isabelle Charleux et al. (Bellingham WA: Western Washington University, 2010), pp. 271-79.
97. “Gli imperi nomadi nella storia della Cina imperiale.” In La Cina: vol. 2: L’età imperiale dai Tre Regni ai Qing. Ed. Maurizio Scarpari (Torino, Einaudi), pp. 219-260.
96. "Ethnography of the Nomads and 'Barbarian' History in Han China." In Intentional History: Spinning Time in Ancient Greece, ed., Lin Foxhall et al. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag (2010), pp. 229-325.
95. "Black Sea Emporia and the Mongol Empire: A Reassessment of the Pax Mongolica." In Empires and Emporia: The Orient in World Historical Space and Time, ed. Jos Gommans. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53 (2010), pp. 83-108.
94. "Yu qiangpao he gan? Huoqi yu Qing diguo de xingcheng 与枪炮何干？火器和清帝国的形成" (Transl. of "Did Guns Matter? Firearms and the Qing Formation") in Shijie shijian yu Dongya shijian zhong de Ming Qing bianqian 世界时间与东亚时间中的明清变迁 (World Historical and East Asian times in the Ming-Qing Transition) ed. Lynn Struve (Beijing 2009): II, pp. 152-207.
93. "Han Frontiers, Towards and Integrated View." Journal of the American Oriental Society 129.2 (2009), pp. 199-214.
92. "Review of: Beckwith, Christopher I., Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present (Princeton, 2009). In Journal of Global History 4 (2009), pp. 510-512.
91. "La 'guerra giusta' nella conquesta mancese della Cina." In Nuova Rivista Storica 93.2 (2009) pp. 449-476.
90. "The Qing and Inner Asia: 1636-1800." In The Cambridge History of Inner Asia: The Chinggisid Age, eds. Nicola Di Cosmo, Allen J. Frank and Peter B. Golden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2009), pp. 333-362.
89. "Sobre los orígenes de la Gran Muralla." In La construcción del poder en la China antigua, ed. Alicia Relinque Eleta. Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada (2009), pp. 141-154.
88. "Imperio e frontiere nella Cina antica: 200 a.C.-200 d.C." In Gli imperi. Dall'antichità all'età contemporanea, ed. Ruth Ben-Ghiat. Bologna: Il Mulino (2009), pp. 93-117.
87. The Cambridge History of Inner Asia: The Chinggisid Age, eds. Nicola Di Cosmo, Allen J. Frank and Peter B. Golden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
86. Military Culture in Imperial China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
85. "The Manchu Conquest in World-Historical Perspective: A Note on Trade and Silver" in Journal of Central Eurasian Studies 1 (2009), pp. 43-60.
84. Review of: Chang, Chun-shu, The Rise of the Chinese Empire, 2 vols. Reviewed in The Journal of Asian Studies, 67.1 (2008), pp. 263-266.
83. "Alle frontiere dell’impero: nomadi e mercanti dagli Han ai Tang." In Il Celeste Impero. Dall’Esercito di Terracotta alla Via della Seta, ed. Sabrina Rastelli, Maurizio Scarpari (Milano 2008), 29-35.
82. "La Cina, i nomadi e i mercanti." In Cina: alla Corte degli Imperatori. Capolavori mai visti dalla tradizione Han all'eleganza Tang (25-907), ed. Sabrina Rastelli. Firenze: Fondazione Palazzo Strozzi (2008), pp. 53-59.
81. “Marital Politics on the Manchu-Mongol Frontier in the Early Seventeenth Century.” In The Chinese State at the Borders, ed. Diana Lary. Vancouver: UBC Press (2007), pp. 57-73.
80. Review of: Millward, James A., Ruth W. Dunnell, Mark C. Elliot, and Philippe Foret, eds. New Qing Imperial History: The Making of Inner Asian Empire at Qing Chengde. Reviewed in The Journal of Asian Studies, 66.2 (2007), pp. 550-552.
79. “Liao History and Society." In Gilded Splendor: Treasures of China's Liao Empire (907-1125), ed. Hsueh-man Shen. New York: Asia Society (2006), pp. 15-23.
78. “Review Article: A Comparative Model of War and State Formation.” In The International History Review XXVIII.4 (December 2006), pp. 794-97.
77. “Circostanze e limiti dell'espansione veneziana in Oriente nel Trecento.” In Venezia, l'altro e l'altrove, ed. Susanne Winter. Roma: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura (2006), pp. 1-22.
76. “Completing Strategies of Great Khan Legitimacy in the Context of the Chaqar-Manchu Wars (c. 1620-2634).” In Imperial Statecraft: Political forms and techniques of governance in Inner Asia , Sixth-Twentieth Centuries, ed. David Sneath. Washington: Western Washington University, (2006), pp. 245-263.
75. “The Origins of the Great Wall.” In The Silk Road, 4.1 (2006), pp. 14-19.
74. Diary of a Manchu Soldier in Seventeenth-Century China. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2006.
73. Review of: Vásáry, István. Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365. Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 50.1 (2006), pp. 151-153.
72. “A Note on the Authorship of Dzengšeo’s Beye-I cooha bade yabuha babe ejehe bithe.” In Tumen jalafun jecen akū: Manchu Studies in Honour of Giovanni Stary, eds. Alessandra Pozzi, Juha Antero Janhunen, and Michael Weiers. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag (2006), pp. 73-78.
71. Review of: Franke, Herbert Krieg und Krieger im chinesischen Mittelalter (12. bis 14. Jahrhundert): Drei Studien. Reviewed in The International History Review, 25.1 (2005), pp. 119-122.
70. “Venice, Genoa, the Golden Horde, and the Limits of European Expansion in Asia.” In Il Codice Cumanico e il Suo Mondo, eds. Peter Schreiner and Felicitas Schmieder. Roma: Storia e Letteratura (2005), pp. 279-296.
69. “Mongols and Merchants on the Black Sea Frontier (13th—14th c.): Convergences and Conflicts.” In Turco-Mongol Nomads and Sedentary Societies, eds. Reuven Amitai and Michal Biran. Leiden: Brill (2005), pp. 391-424.
68. Review of: Golden, Peter B. Nomads and Their Neighbours in the Russian Steppe. Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 48 (2004), pp. 142-44.
67. “Did Guns Matter? Firearms and the Qing Formation.” In The Qing Formation in World-Historical Time, ed. Lynn Struve. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press (2004), pp. 121-166.
66. Review of: Allsen, Thomas T. Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia . Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 47.1 (2003), pp. 128-30.
65. Review of: Pulleyblank, Edwin G. Central Asia and Non-Chinese Peoples of Ancient China. Reviewed in The International History Review, 25.1 (2003), pp. 126-28.
64. “Kirghiz Nomads on the Qing Frontier: Tribute, Trade, or Gift-Exchange?” In Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries and Human Geographies in Chinese History, ed. Nicola Di Cosmo and Don J. Wyatt. London: RoutledgeCurzon (2003), pp. 351-72.
63. Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries and Human Geographies in Chinese History. Edited with Don J. Wyatt. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
62. A Documentary History of Manchu-Mongol Relations (1616-1626). Authored with Dalizhabu Bao. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2003.
61. “The Origin and Rise of the Xiongnu Empire.” In The Turks, eds. Hasan Celâl Güzel, Cem Oğuz, and Osman Karatay. Ankara: Yeni Türkiye Yayinlari (2002), pp. 217-27.
60. Review of: Mallory, J.P. and Victor H. Mair. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West. Reviewed in Journal of Anthropological Research, 58.2 (2002), pp. 279-281.
59. Review of: Rhoads, Edward J. M. Manchus and Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1821-1928. Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 65.2 (June 2002), pp. 457-58.
58. “Introduction: Inner Asian Ways of Warfare in Historical Perspective.” In Inner Asian Warfare (500–1800), ed. Nicola Di Cosmo. Leiden: Brill (2002), pp. 1-29.
57. “Military Aspects of the Manchu Wars Against the Caqars.” In Inner Asian Warfare (500–1800), ed. Nicola Di Cosmo. Leiden: Brill (2002), pp. 337-67.
56. Warfare in Inner Asian History (500—1800), ed. Nicola Di Cosmo. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2002.
55. Ancient China and Its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
54. Review of: Soucek, Svat. A History of Inner Asia . Reviewed in New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 3.1 (June 2001), pp. 151-53.
53. “La guerra nella storia cinese.” In Palomar, 4 (2001), pp. 24-32.
52. “European Technology and Manchu Power: Reflections on the ‘Military Revolution’ in Seventeenth-Century China.” In Making Sense of Global History, ed. Sølvi Sogner. Oslo: University Press (2001), pp. 119-39.
51. “The Qing Dynasty and the Sinicization Thesis; On Evelyn Rawski's The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions, and Pamela Crossley's A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology.” In New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 2.2 (December 2000), pp. 149-156.
50. “Technology and Manchu Power: Reflections on the ‘Military Revolution’ in Seventeenth-Century China.” [Abstract only] In Proceedings of the the 19th International Congress of Historical Sciences (Oslo 6-13 August, 2000).
49. “Ancient City-States of the Tarim Basin.” In A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures, ed. Mogens Herman Hansen. Copenhagen (2000), pp. 393-407.
48. Review of: Bunker, Emma C. with Trudy S. Kawami, Katheryn M. Linduff, and Wu En. Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Reviewed in Bulletin of the Asia Institute, 13 (1999), pp. 169-71.
47. Review of: Janhunen, Juha. Manchuria: an ethnic history. Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 62.1 (1999), pp. 180-82.
46. Review of: Crossley, Pamela K. The Manchus. Reviewed in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 42.4 (1999), pp. 589-91.
45. Review of: Victor H. Mair, ed. The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. 2 vols., Washington, D.C. The Institute for the Study of Man, 1998. Reviewed in Early China, 23-24 (1998-99), pp. 339-52.
44. “New Directions in Inner Asian History: A Review Article.” In Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 42.2 (May 1999), pp. 247-63.
43. “State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History.” In Journal of World History, 10.1 (Spring 1999), pp. 1-40.
42. “Manchu Shamanic Ceremonies at the Qing Court.” In State and Court Ritual in China, ed. Joseph P. McDermott. Cambridge (1999), pp. 352-98.
41. “The Northern Frontier in Pre‑Imperial China.” In The Cambridge History of Ancient China, ed. Michael Loewe and Edward L. Shaughnessy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1999), pp. 885-966.
40. “Qing Colonial Administration in Inner Asia.” In The International History Review, 20.2 (1998), pp. 287‑309.
39. Review of: Bregel, Yuri (comp. & ed.) Bibliography of Islamic Central Asia. Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 41.2 (1997), pp. 271-275.
38. Review of: Zanier, Claudio. Where the Roads Met: East and West in the Silk Production Processes (17th to 19th Century). Reviewed in Isis, vol. 88.1 (1997), pp. 130-31.
37. Review of: So Jenny F. and Emma C. Bunker. Traders and Raiders on China's Northern Frontier. Reviewed in Ars Orientalis, vol. 27 (1997), pp. 142-43.
36. “A Set of Manchu Documents Concerning a Khokand Mission to Kashgar (1807).” In Central Asiatic Journal 41.2 (1997), pp. 159-99.
35. “Noin Ula.” In The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner. New York: Grove's Dictionaries (1996), vol. 23, pp. 178-179.
34. “Mongolia: VII. Archaeology.” In The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner. New York: Grove's Dictionaries (1996), vol. 21, pp. 885-886.
33. “Mongolia: VI. Historiography.” In The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner. New York: Grove's Dictionaries (1996), vol. 21, pp. 884-885.
32. Review of: Dabringhaus, Sabine. Das Qing-Imperium als Vision und Wirklichkeit: Tibet in Laufbahn und Schriften des Song Yun (1752-1835). Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, (1996), pp. 187-188.
31. Review of: Harrell, Stevan, ed. Cultural Encounters on China 's Ethnic Frontiers. Reviewed in Central Asian Survey, 15.2 (1996), pp. 313-15.
30. Review of: Franke, Herbert and Denis Twitchett, eds. Alien Regimes and Border States, 907-1368. Vol. 6 of The Cambridge History of China. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994). Reviewed in Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 56.2 (December 1996), pp. 493-508.
29. “Ancient Xinjiang between Central Asia and China.” In Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, 34.4 (1996), pp. 87‑101.
28. “Das Kŏnchu mun’gyŏn rok des Yi Minhwan.” In Materialen zur Vorgeschichte der Qing-Dynastie, ed. Giovanni Stary, Wiesbaden (1996). [Transl. of no. 27], pp. 10-22.
27. Between Lapis and Jade: Ancient Cultures of Central Asia . Monographic issue of Anthropology and Archaeology of Eurasia, 34.4 (1996). Edited with Fredrik T. Hiebert.
26. Review of: Thomas, Nicholas. Colonialism's Culture: Anthropology, Travel and Government. Reviewed in Journal of Asian History, 29.1 (1995), pp. 82-83.
25. Review of: Chan, Hok-Lam. The Fall of the Jurchen Chin. Wang E's Memoir on Ts'ai-Chou Under the Mongol's Siege (1233-1234). Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 39.1 (1995), pp. 140-142.
24. On the Tracks of Manchu Culture 1644-1994: 350 Years after the Conquest of Peking . Wiesbaden 1995. Authored with Giovanni Stary, Tatiana A. Pang, and Alessandra Pozzi.
23. Review of: Okada, Hidehiro. Sekaishi no tanjo. Reviewed in Journal of Asian History, 28.1 (1994), pp. 58-59.
22. Review of: Bartlett, Beatrice. Monarchs and Ministers. The Grand Council in Mid-Ch'ing China, 1723-1820. Reviewed in Journal of Asian History, 28.2 (1994), pp. 187-189.
21. “Ancient Inner Asian Nomads: Their Economic Basis and Its Significance in Chinese History.” In The Journal of Asian Studies, 53.4 (1994), pp. 1092‑1126.
20. Review of: The Academy of Sciences MPR (comp. and ed.). Information Mongolia. Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 37.1-2 (1993), pp. 150-152.
19. Review of: Farquhar, David M. The Government of China under Mongolian Rule. A Reference Guide. Reviewed in Mongolian Studies, 16 (1993), pp. 83-92.
18. Review of: Tracy, James D., ed. The Political Economy of Merchant Empires. State Power and World Trade 1350-1750. Reviewed in Journal of Asian History, 27.2 (1993), pp. 176-78.
17. Reports from the Northwest: A Selection of Manchu Memorials from Kashgar (1806-1807). Bloomington Indiana University Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, 1993.
16. Review of: Waldron, Arthur. The Great Wall of China. From History to Myth. Reviewed in History, vol. 77 (1992), pp. 264-5.
15. Review of: Jagchid, S., and V.J. Symons. Peace, War and Trade along the Great Wall. Reviewed in Central Asiatic Journal, 35.3-4 (1991), pp. 302-305.
14. Review of: Sinor, Denis, ed. The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia . Reviewed in History, 76, no. 247 (June 1991), pp. 259‑60.
13. Review of: Crossley, Pamela K. Orphan Warriors:Three Manchu Generations at the End of the Ch'ing World. Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. LIV (1991), pp. 618‑19.
12. Review of: Cotton, James. Asian Frontier Nationalism: Owen Lattimore and the American Policy Debate. Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. LIV (1991), pp. 205‑206.
11. Review of: Kane, Daniel. The Sino‑Jurchen ocabulary of the Bureau of Interpreters. Reviewed in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. LIII (1990), pp. 553‑555.
10. “A Note on the Tana Route and International Trade in the 15th Century.” In Aspects of Altaic Civilization III. Proceedings of the 30th Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference, at Bloomington, Indiana, USA, June 1987, ed. Denis Sinor. Bloomington: Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies (1990), pp. 20-32.
9. “A Manchu Patent in the Oriental Collection of the Newark Museum.” In Altaica Osloensia. Proceedings of the 32nd Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference, at Oslo, June 1989, ed. Bernt Brendemoen (Oslo, Norwegian University Press, 1990), pp. 103-112.
8. Review of: Coox, Alvin D. Nomonhan: Japan Against Russia 1939. Reviewed in Mongolian Studies, vol. XII (1989), pp. 125‑128.
7. “A Manchu Fragment on the Medical Treatment Given by the Italian Jesuit Giovanni Giuseppe Da Costa to Yin‑ssu, Eighth Son of K'ang‑hsi.” In Religious and Lay Symbolism in the Altaic World and Other Papers. Proceedings of the 27th Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference, at Walberberg, Germany, June 1984, ed. Klaus Sagaster (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1989), pp. 100‑108.
6. “A Russian Envoy to Khiva: the Italian Diary of Florio Beneveni.” In Proceedings of the 28th Meeting of the Permanent International Altaistic Conference, at Venice, Italy, July 1985, ed. Giovanni Stary (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1989), pp. 73‑114.
5. “Alcune osservazioni sull'accento mancese.” In Aetas Manjurica, 1 (1987), pp. 1‑15.
4. “Mongolian Topics in the U.S. Military Intelligence Reports.” In Mongolian Studies, 10 (1986), pp. 96‑107.
3. “I rapporti tra Stati Uniti e Cina (1944‑1949) nella storiografia americana.” In Rivista di storia contemporanea, 13.4 (October 1984), pp. 578‑605.
2. “Nuove fonti sulla formazione dello stato mancese, Ia parte, Il Rapporto di Yi Minhwan.” In Catai, II-III (1982-1983), pp. 139-165.
1. “Due messaggi sacrificali dei Jin Posteriori.” In Cina, 18 (1982), pp. 117‑129.