Squeeze IG_II2_101

Resources on Squeezes, the IAS Collection, and Digital Epigraphy

In 1935, Professor Benjamin Meritt took the first steps to build a Repository of Squeezes—impressions of inscriptions that allow scholars to more easily study them. He wrote to Director Abraham Flexner that it “will be second only to that in Berlin.” Today, the Institute houses one of the world’s largest collections of squeezes.

We do not know who made the first paper squeeze of an inscription. The practice is quite old; large numbers of them were made by Richard Lepsius on an expedition to Egypt (1842–45) and by Philippe Le Bas in Greece (1843).

“I remember going into Professor Habicht’s office—he always had time no matter how busy he was—and saying ‘How would you like it if IG II2 2971 dates to around 250 instead of 314?’ . . . I did not expect to hear anything for a day or two, as I had interrupted him in the midst of his work. Was I ever mistaken! About one half hour later I opened my door to his knock…”

Posters, Papers, and Lectures

  • In January 2019 Project Coordinator Aaron Hershkowitz presented a poster at the joint meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America and the Society for Classical Studies. That poster included a high level overview of the Krateros Project's methodology, both in terms of scanning and web presence. You can view the poster here. The statistics on project progress are, of course, out of date, as may be the information on methodology. For current project methodology, please go to the "Project Overview" page on this site.

For Teachers

  • In Spring 2019 an Ancient Greek class from The Lawrenceville School visited the IAS to learn about the squeeze collection and the Krateros Project, and to begin a collaborative effort to include epigraphic material in Ancient Greek instruction. Project Coordinator Aaron Hershkowitz and the Latin Master at The Lawrenceville School, Scott Barnard, oversaw this collaboration and presented on its results at the 2019 meeting of the Classical Association of the Atlantic States. The handout for that presentation is available here. As part of their effort to promote the use of epigraphy in Ancient Greek pedagogy, they created a curriculum and lesson plans on the model of the NEH’s https://edsitement.neh.gov/. That curriculum of 3 lesson plans can be viewed here. If you have any questions at all, please send an email to krateros@ias.edu. If you use the module, we would love to hear from you about how it went, and, if you are willing, include your lesson plans or notes on our website to help others with their own implementation.