SPSS Fellows 2021-23

Shadi ABU-AYYASH

Media Studies

Dean of College of Media
Al-Quds Open University
Palestinian Territories

SPSS Project:
Palestine Solidarity Movement Framing the European UnionGuidelines on Israeli Settlements

CV

Shadi Abu-Ayyash's research addresses the Palestine Solidarity Movement in the United Kingdom and Ireland efforts of lobbying the European Union through examining the movement approach to the EU guidelines on Israeli settlements issued in 2013. The guidelines prevent entities working in Israeli settlements in the Palestinian occupied territory from receiving funds and grants from the European Union. He analyses how the movement different groups recruited language -through framing process, and launched advocacy campaigns to lobby the EU bodies on the guidelines. He analyses the Movement messages through identifying the several frames employed by pro-Palestine groups online, along with examining how these guidelines announcement was received as a political opportunity in which the solidarity activists deployed both, online and offline lobbying efforts to advocate implementation of the guidelines.

Patience ADZANDE

Urban and Regional Planning

Senior Lecturer
Benue State University, Makurdi
Nigeria

SPSS Project:
The Politics of Belonging: Deconstructing the Impediments to Peacebuilding in Farming and Pastoralist Communities in Nigeria

CV

There is increasing realization that conflicts and peacebuilding efforts in Africa are shaped by prevailing narratives of identity, belonging and constructions of the “other.” Such narratives of belonging build on the diversity that exists between groups to promote the vilification and poor perception of the “other,” thereby inciting violence even among groups that once co-habited peacefully. While the protracted conflicts between farmers and pastoralists in Nigeria are often categorized as natural resource conflicts, available evidence points to the contrary. Patience Adzande's paper therefore argues that the major drivers of conflicts between these two groups and by extension, the major impediments to peacebuilding efforts are embedded in the constructions of the “other.” Specifically, the identities of the “other” are defined by ethnic and religious affiliations. Fieldwork which entailed interviews and focus group discussions in farming and pastoral communities was conducted in Benue, Plateau and Adamawa states. The key issues that were identified as threats to sustainable peace are associated with the “indigene” (non-settler) – settler dichotomy, ethnic or religious differences, marginalization and the perceived quest for territorial expansion and control.

Paula F. AHUMADA

Law

Assistant Professor
Universidad de Chile
Chile

SPSS Project:
Money and Constitutional Orders: The Unidad Popular and the Chilean Banking System (1970-1973)

CV

Paula Ahumada's research proposal analyses the relationship between constitutional and monetary orderfrom a legal-institutional approach. Money has been rediscovered as a topic of legal inquiry following the works of legal scholars who have challenged the orthodox economic conception of money as a neutral instrument and have emphasized its political and always contingent institutional form. Inspired by these heterodox theories of money, Ahumada uses Chile as a case study to explore the possible correlations between changes in the constitution and legal reforms over money, with the caveat that she does not intend to show causal relations between each other, but rather to explore the plausibility of heterodoxtheories of money while also to illuminate the role of law in the construction of social order.

Bader AL-SAIF

History

Assistant Professor
Kuwait University
Kuwait

SPSS Project:
Reform Islam? The Renewal of Islamic Thought and Praxis in Modern and Contemporary ArabianPeninsula

CV

Bader Al Saif's project presents the first transnational intellectual history of modern Arabian Peninsula (AP) with a focus on the reform of Islamic thought and praxis. The study traces both the ideas and actions of individual reformers and state organizations. It analyzes their reform conceptualizations, programs, and methodologies to assess the (dis)connect between their thought and praxis and to construct a paradigm for reform in the AP. The work argues for a neo-Nahḍa [renaissance] in the making under the banner of “Reform Islam.” Reforming the status of women is its clearest manifestation through a diverse set of Islamic feminisms that is mindful of shifting gender relations and decolonial in its approach. The conclusions are based on fieldwork in seventeen countries and across fifteen AP cities along with a discourse analysis of several primary source types: textbooks, periodicals, government papers, interviews, sermons, school curricula, conference presentations and declarations, memoirs, social media content, and unpublished works.

Fernando J. ASTUDILLO

Environmental Archaeology

Assistant Professor
Universidad San Francisco de Quito
Ecuador

SPSS Project:
Environmental Archaeology of the Galápagos Islands

CV

Fernando Astudillo combines Environmental Archaeology and Historical Ecology to investigate the recent past. His career focus is the exploration of past interactions between humans, landscape, and the environment with an interdisciplinary research framework that combines Eco-anthropology, historical ecology, ethnobotany, archaeology, and environmental history. He has applied this research framework to understand the impacts of colonialism ontropical ecosystems and ecological frontiers since colonial times. His research is based in the examination of the preserved botanical evidence on archaeological and historical sites of Ecuador.

Fernando BRANCOLI

Political Science

Associate Professor
Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

SPSS Project:
An International Historical Sociology of Contemporary Latin America Far-Right Politics

CV

Fernando Brancoli's research proposal sets out to investigate the international dimensions of contemporary Latin American far-right politics, which have gained a momentum since the presidential election of Jair Messias Bolsonaro in Brazil, Mauricio Macri in Argentina and Lenin Moreno in Ecuador, just to quote some examples. His aim is to probe on how the systemic constraints of the neoliberal crisis have affected recent developments in Brazilian politics, allowing for the electoral takeover of a far-right party coalition.To this end he proposes a historical sociological analysis by investigating three international vectors constituting the LatinAmerica case: 1) political economy, 2) geopolitics, and 3) the politics of enmity.

Hannah J. DAWSON

Anthropology

Postdoctoral Fellow
University of the Witwatersrand
South Africa

SPSS Project:
The politics of belonging: land, place-making, and citizenship in urban South Africa

CV

Hannah Dawson's project explores the intersection of localized understandings of citizenship and belonging and informal property regimes in a political context of rapid urban migration. It focuses on the construction and mobilizationof the division of insiders and outsiders in the production and organization of residential urban space including the proliferation of the landlord-tenant hierarchy in South Africa’s informal settlements. The project is especially interested in showing how the current logic of insiders and outsiders relates to older apartheid categories of difference and claims to property rights. Ultimately, this project will complicate existing accounts of socio-spatial inequality in the global South and yield important insights into how "informal" land and tenure arrangements are invested with particular social, economic and political meanings.

Gustavo DIAS

Sociology

Associate Professor
Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros
Brazil

SPSS Project
The second Brazilian migration wave: the impact of Brazil’s economic and social changes on internationalmigration to Global North

CV

Gustavo Dias's project examines the effects of Brazil’s recent economic growth and the narrowing of the inequality gap on the second Brazilian migration wave to the global North over the last two decades. He further explores how the opening up of the Brazilian economy to international capital flow, and the implementation of social programs followed by the enlargement of its domestic consumer market, helps to explain the current increase and diversification of Brazilians abroad in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Karina FELITTI

Religion

Career Researcher
National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Argentina

SPSS Project:
Beyond secularism: women's spiritualty and feminisms in contemporary Argentina

CV

Karina Felitti's project explores the relationship between women´s spirituality and feminisms in contemporary Argentina, in connection to secularisation and sexual politics. She focuses on the history of the New Age movement in Argentina since the 80s, investigating women's experiences in terms of sexual and reproductive rights, bodily knowledge, empowerment and wellness.

Isadora FRANÇA

Anthropology

Associate Professor
State University of Campinas
Brazil

SPSS Project:
"LGBTI REFUGEES": categories, subjects and agency

CV

Since 2002, international agencies have officially affirmed the relevance of the recognition of refugee status to applicants based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Isadora França’s project is based on research carried out in two distinct national contexts (Brazil and Spain) on the emergence of the category of "LGBTI refugees" and proposes to deepen understanding on: a) the implications of this category in terms of the relationship between violence, nation and subjects and b) the possible agency by immigrants and refugees who are interpellated by the category of "LGBTI refugees" given the precarious conditions they face. The general objective is to work on these two fronts, based on a review of literature on the subject in the Social Sciences and related areas, on the ethnographic material already produced in previous research and on ongoing field research in Brazil.

Raquel GUIMARAES

Demography

Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal do Paraná
Brazil

SPSS Project:
Is preparedness a "feminine" trait? A case study of flood-preparedness in Brazil and Thailand

CV

Raquel Guimaraes claims that preparedness to natural disasters have been increasingly recognized as key in disaster risk management efforts. Those coping mechanisms, such as having a family evacuation plan, an emergency supply kit, and disaster insurance, can be critical to survival. Nevertheless, these strategies are may emerge with uneven burdens for males and females. She argues that, if there are different roles for males and females in disaster preparedness, climate change is likely to have a significant effect on the livelihood gender gap. Drawing on a case study from Brazil and Thailand, she investigates the gender roles in flood-management planning, and whether education and previous disaster experience may explain those differentials.

Victor M. GWANDE

Economic History

Postdoctoral Research Fellow
University of the Free State
South Africa

SPSS Project:
In Search of the Political: The Ethics of Anglo-American Corporation Ltd and the Economic Development of Zimbabwe, 1923-2003.

CV

In terms of either turnover or capital invested, "Anglo" is the largest single economic entity in Zimbabwe apart from the state. Victor Gwande's study, therefore, examines the scope, extent, and nature of Anglo American Corporation's power and influence in Zimbabwe. The work traces the evolution of the Corporation through the various sectorial investments it made and how it achieved this. The growth and expansion of Anglo occurred under different government administrations between 1923 and 2003. Equally, under these administrations, the socio-economic-political circumstances evolved. How all these developments may have impacted Anglo require an investigation. Thus, using the case of Anglo, one can probe the power of capital and its relations with the state in a colonial and post-colonial context, over the economic trajectory of a country.

Weeam S. HAMMOUDEH

Sociology

Assistant Professor
Birzeit University
Palestinian Territories

SPSS Project:
Endurance and Resistance in the Shrinking Spaces of the Northwest Jerusalem Enclave

CV

Weeam Hammoudeh's study builds on exploratory research which has focused on one area that has been especially impacted by territorial fragmentation, enclavization, and mobility restrictions, the Northwest Jerusalem enclave, to examine the effects of the interplay between exposure to prolonged political violence, mobility restrictions, reconfiguration (and disfiguration) of space, and fragmentation of social life, livelihoods, and health. Building on ongoing in the Northwest Jerusalem enclave, in this project, the attention is turned towards the everyday agents residing in the Northwest Jerusalem enclave in order to understand how everyday people endure, adapt, transform, and resist in a settle-colonial context. What forms of agency and subjectivity are produced and reproduced by people in their everyday lives? How do people view themselves in relation to their context? How do they navigate their life-worlds? What modes of endurance, adaptation, and resistance are used in the every day?

Nkatha KABIRA

Law

Senior Lecturer
University of Nairobi
Kenya

SPSS Project:
The Law of Commissions: A Comparative Study of the Place of Commissions in Governance

CV

Nkatha Kabira's research project examines how Commissions came to occupy a central place in law and governance in Africa. The purpose of this work is to explore the role of Commissions, interrogate existing Commission discourses, examine the power of Commissions and their place in law and governance, investigate the global developments of their legal and socio-political dimensions, a process that involves a holistic transdisciplinary approach that probes and unpacks Commissions in their complexity.

Laura LÓPEZ GALLEGO

Psychology

Associate Professor
Universidad de la República
Uruguay

SPSS Project:
Gendered punishment practices in the Juvenile Criminal Systems

CV

In the first part of this project, Laura López Gallego reflects on gendered punishment practices inflicted on female adolescents subjected to judicial measures in the Uruguayan Juvenile Justice System (UJJS), within the framework of the State institution tasked with regulating their enforcement. Reflecting on judicial measures from a female perspective implies exploring an unresearched issue, dominated by a hegemonic male model in adolescent offence structures (Chesney-Lind & Pasko, 2013; Galeotti, 2013). In the second part, I discuss about how and why to investigate in confinement spaces or total institutions (Goffman, 2001) that involve the management of daily life of children and adolescents in the state framework.

Oscar Javier MALDONADO CASTAÑEDA

Sociology

Assistant Professor
Universidad del Rosario
Colombia

SPSS Project:
A permanent Crisis: Market, marketisation and healthcare in Colombia

CV

Oscar Maldonado's project analyzes how different modes of governance and valuation have surged from healthcare policy reforms and the ways in which these modes interact and coexist. By following the trajectory of specific medicaments, this study will recreate different layers in the governance of the Colombian healthcare system, highlighting the tensions between the actors and the institutions involved in the governance of health technologies.

Marcelo Moura MELLO

Anthropology

Assistant Professor
Universidade Federal da Bahia
Brazil

SPSS Project
Dutch spirits, history and colonialism in Guyana

CV

Marcelo Moura Mello's research project approaches forms of historical knowledge mediated by the presence of spirits in the lives of coastal residents of Guyana, by focusing on the relations between Indo-Guyanese and Dutch spirits inthe context of the worship of the Hindu goddess Kali. Spirits of the country’s first colonizers' countries are taken as instances of production, creation and circulation of historical knowledge and, more specifically, of histories of violence connected to Guyana’s colonial past. In becoming part of the biographies of humans, spirits carry with them the density of past events and introduce uncertain implications into the relations between the living and the dead throughout time.

Aziza MONEER

Environmental Politics

Postdoctoral Fellow
The American University in Cairo
Egypt

SPSS Project
Epistemology of the South and Praxis of Struggle in the Global South: Evidence from EnvironmentalMovements in Egypt, Morocco and Algeria

CV

Aziza Moneer's study follows the trajectory of a number of environmental movements that erupted in the Arab region in the wake of the Arab Spring. She investigates the different frames that were developed around these environmental mobilizations. She also focuses on these environmental movements as sites of knowledge production particularly in relation to human-nature interactions and how people in the global South perceive and relate to nature.

Khaled SHEYKHOLESLAMI

Political Science

Associate Professor
The Lebanese French University
Iraq

SPSS Project:
Muslim-Jewish intellectual and cultural interconnections in the Past and in the Present: The case ofFarabi-Maimonides and its nowadays relevance

CV

In this project, Khaled Sheykholeslami will look at the Muslim-Jewish intellectual and cultural interconnections in the Past and in the Present by focus on Maimonides' dialogue with Farabi and its current relevance. He tries to illuminate how and why that shining age of relative peaceful coexistence and intellectual dialogue between Muslims and Jews in the Islamic medieval civilization disappeared. By looking at the nature and logic of Islamic-Jewish Intellectual and Intercultural dialogue in Medieval age, he tries to answer this main question: why and how Muslim-Jewish intellectual and cultural interconnections in the medieval ages became possible and why it collapsed in the modern age of Middle East? Finally, he will investigate how and why the destruction of this intellectual and cultural interconnections devastated the foundations of social and political order in some Middle Eastern communities.

Jean G. TOMPIHE

Political Science

Assistant Professor
International University of Grand Bassam
Côte d’Ivoire

SSS Project:
Which Way Africa by 2050: the next Economic Eldorado or the Island of Chaos and Global SecurityThreat?

CV

With the anticipated doubling of the African population from 1.2 to 2.5 billion by 2050, how best to understand the nature of the persisting fragile African states, to strengthen those poised on the abyss of failure, or to restore the functionality of some of them that have already collapsed, are the urgent policy questions that Jean Tompihe's research agenda investigates.