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Computer Science/Discrete Mathematics Seminar I

2-universality of random graphs.

For a family of graphs F, a graph G is F-universal if G contains every graph in F as a (not necessarily induced) subgraph. A natural candidate to serve as universal graph G is the random graph G(n,p). In this case, we want to find an optimal p for which a typical G(n,p) is universal with respect to some given family F. We focus on the family H(n,d), consisting of all graphs on n vertices with maximum degree bounded by d. We prove that there exists a constant C such that for p > C ((log n)/(n^2))^{1/3}, the binomial random graph G(n,p) is typically H(n,2)-universal. This bound is optimal up to the constant factor as illustrated in the seminal work of Johansson, Kahn, and V u for triangle factors. 

Our result improves significantly on the previous best bound of p > C ((log n)/n)^{1/2} and yielding the first tight result for the H(n,d)-universality problem. In fact, we prove the stronger result. Let H^{r}(n,2) be the family of all graphs on n vertices, of maximum degree at most two and of girth at least r. Then G(n,p) is typically H^{r}(n,2)-universal when p > C ((log n)/(n^{r -1}))^{1/r}. This result is also optimal up to the constant factor. 

Joint work with Asaf Ferber and Kyle Luh.

Featuring

Gal Kronenberg

Speaker Affiliation

Tel Aviv University

Affiliation

Mathematics

Event Series

Video

https://video.ias.edu/csdm/2018/1029-GalKronenberg
Date & Time
October 29, 2018 | 11:15am12:15pm

Location

Simonyi Hall 101

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